On May 1, Juan Guaido, Venezuela’s self-proclaimed president, urged his supporters to launch a series of strikes and protests on May 2, to increase pressure on the incumbent leader of the country Nicolas Maduro. Activists have paid heed, which ended in two people killed and another 130 injured, as communicated by France-Presse.

On April 30, Guaido announced that Operación Libertad (“Operation Liberty”) entered the final stage. He called on the citizens to attend the massive protest actions and the National Guard – to defect to the opposition.

However, the demonstrators’ leader achieved his aim only partway, since a small fraction of the military agreed to support him. The leadership of the Army and the National Guard confirmed their loyalty of the current government. The opposition failed to stage a coup.

At the same time, protests still continue. On May 1, supporters of Guaido followed his call and came out to the streets of the capital and other Venezuelan cities. Clashes with the police came into picture. Policemen used tear gas and rubber bullets to disperse demonstrators, while Guaido supporters responded with Molotov cocktails.

And all this takes place against Maduro’s statements that the government is ready to adopt a special plan of changes to correct mistakes.

 “On Saturday, May 4, and Sunday, May 5, I am announcing a great national day of dialogue, action and suggestions from all the branches of the public authority to allow them to tell the Bolivarian government and Nicolas Maduro what should be changed for the sake of the great plan of changes in the Bolivarian Revolution. I would like to adopt a plan to change everything and improve everything and fix mistakes”, the Venezuelan leader told his supporters at a Labor Day demonstration in Caracas.

As we discussed earlier, Guaido will retry his attempts to foment protest moods and to tempt over the enforcement chiefs to his side in a bid to overthrow Maduro. The opposition does not consider other than forceful options for power transfer, while Maduro’s government will regard any demands from the opposition as tricks and overtures from the West, which supports Guaido. A possible way out of the deadlock could provide a referendum on key political issues or forming a government of national unity with the opposition. Therefore, two main questions will soon arise:

1. Will the Guaido-independent negotiators be found among the opposition and will they be ready for a dialogue with Maduro?

2. Is the Venezuelan president ready for real changes?